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Everything posted by brad

  1. brad

    Natural red form

    The first "All Red" VFT plant ever documented, is a VFT named "Holland Red". VFT "Holland Red" is also the only "All Red" VFT to be documented wild collected as its origin. "Holland Red" is still grown in many VFT collections today. Also "Holland Red" is the direct parent plant of the VFT "Red Dragon" and "Green Dragon", and possibly the parent of some other "All Red" VFT. If you want the only documented, wild collected "All Red" VFT then get a "Holland Red". Brad Ventura California
  2. Amar asked: "how would say one can prevent it?" Well if you have classic root rot, then following the advice above of Steve (xscd) is perfect. Other ideas include, watering just enough to require daily watering, lessens the water stagnation situation. Also occasional top watering and discarding the flow through is helpful. If you soil substrate has degenerated or is algae laden repotting to a new fresh soil substrate will help. If a plant is suffering root rot it may be necessary to slowly nurture it back to health, before exposing it to harsh growing conditions. Brad Ventura California
  3. Classic VFT root rot, which then quickly leads to rhizome rot is most often caused by bacterial overgrowth in the soil substrate. The bacteria consume the oxygen and release waste products into the soil. Generally it is due to bad luck and promoted by the stagnant nature of the water techniques we employ in growing CP. The process of root rot seems to often be initiated by a heat wave. This stimulates the bacteria to grow faster, therefore consuming more soil oxygen and creating more toxic waste products, at a time when the plant itself needs more oxygen and clean soil substrate. This results
  4. brad

    Shrinking Flytrap

    Hi, Your first picture shows a VFT that looks like it is going into late Fall and Winter growth. The aborted traps on the older and newer leaves, show that the plant is stressed. Not sure why it is stressed, again could be any number of reasons or combination of reasons. The plant is obviously alive and waiting for better times. You describe a couple of roots being at the bottom of the pot. Those are old roots. You need to see at least one or two short healthy roots at the end of the growing point, these are the new roots which will support new growth. Also, underground you should have seen
  5. brad

    Shrinking Flytrap

    When VFT revert from the winter growth (small short wide petiole and small trap) to spring growth, they do it with strong growth (larger petiole and large or at least larger traps). The breaking of dormancy therefore, shows very strong healthy growth. Anything less is just not normal. You have a nice experiment. You have a healthy plant that has broken dormancy with you stating: “the "all green" plant has clearly woken up and throwing out new traps almost daily.” Then the other plant is clearly unhealthy and is declining and you state: “However, the other plant which I believe is just a
  6. brad

    Wakey wakey

    Pictures can be very deceiving, and I hope this picture is. It appears to me that the back petiole is rotted at the soil surface (center of the plant at the soil surface). In addition there seems to be other rotting leaves. If these rotting leaves are new growth then the plant is declining. Hopefully my vision is just bad. Good luck with the new growing season. Brad Ventura California
  7. Very nice example of a Typical VFT displaying wide petioles with serrated edges. It is due to low light intensity. Your VFT seems to want stronger light. If you give your VFT better light conditions the new leaves will loose this trait. All the different VFT I grow can display this "wide petiole, serrated edge" trait, too. Brad Ventura California
  8. As stated by cgarry in the first response to this thread: “De-ionised water from Halfords is fine for CPs.” This is True. Deionized Water is perfect for CP. In fact Deionized Water is considered the purest water that can be reasonably produced, often purer than Distilled Water. Helleentje, wrote: “we cannot use de-ionised water as this merely swaps calcium and sodium icons. So that would rule out the Halfords de-ionised stuff.” This is incorrect. Seems like you are describing a process called Water Softening, which is bad for CP. Regarding Dionized Water, production of this water comple
  9. brad

    I Am Totally Lost

    Varun wrote: “when I watered took a while for the water to come out... maybe a lot is being absorbed.” Probably not important, but when I top water any of my Pots (20 ml of pure water at once), water begins to run out the drain holes within seconds, easily within 30 seconds, probably less. OK, so it took a while for the water to come out, that is not helpful. Once you saturated the soil, then added more water, how is the drainage then?, that is what is important. You want good drainage, because this is the other place the pot communicates with the rest of the world. Also, if the
  10. brad

    I Am Totally Lost

    First, regarding Dormancy, I do not believe VFT have a Dormancy. VFT grow in cycles throughout the year in response to daylength. Temperature allows the VFT to grow at certain rates. If it gets too cold to grow then the VFT stops growing. Some of the VFT in your photos are in Dormancy now. Their growth has arrested, they are basically Dormant. When a VFT stops growing it is Dormant regardless of the cause. I can see new growth emerging from those plants, so they are alive and kicking, hopefully it is just a one time bad event. Regarding repotting your VFT that is entirely up to you. CP gro
  11. brad

    I Am Totally Lost

    Those aborted traps are again from stress. (duh, obvious) It is from failure of the roots being able to support the requirements of new growth, so the traps arrest in growth and die. It could be due to one or many different variables causing an unhappy plant. It could be a pest attack. The information that cuttings in the same pot are thriving tells a lot. It tells me that most of the growing variables are correct. So you have to figure out what are the microhabitat differences of two plants in the same pot. Pests attacking one plant and not the other is a possibility. Another possibility, is
  12. Every VFT grower knows, that each VFT grows differently year to year. They are not always consistent. Some years they are redder in color, some years they are lighter, that goes for All Red VFT too. Some years the traps are a bit bigger, some years they grow a bit more upright, any trait you observe can vary over time. The biggest factor being the exact growing conditions are impossible to keep exact. Even perfectly grown VFT eventually they cycle down, for any number of reasons, all due to their changing growing conditions. When they cycle down they begin to look like any number of other VFT
  13. That is a bit of sunburn, or if under strong artificial light, also a burn. Usually not much to worry about. It occurs during repotting in several ways. One way is if you potted the rhizome a bit higher than it had been previously, therefore the exposing the petiole bases which had been under soil, now exposing them to strong light. Another common way is that when a VFT grows normally the center of the rosette is very tight, but when repotted the center is a bit more lax and again exposing petiole bases to strong light which had previously been closely opposed and not exposed to light. A thir
  14. Very simple, your plant has VFT transplant shock, from the repotting procedure, happens all the time. Just grow it the best you can and it will recover, hopefully soon. Small VFT are very fragile (Big VFT even have very fragile roots), but if it is making new leaves, this is good. When the new root forms, it will make strong traps for you. Brad Ventura California
  15. Alexis, brings up a good point. Newbies. The “Newbie Syndrome” is when everything the good intentioned Newbie does, is exactly the wrong thing at the wrong time. The well read very knowledgeable Newbie knows that VFT grow very well outdoors in Full Sun. Every Experienced Grower knows that the VFT is going to suffer some Sun Burn, not a big deal. But the Newbie soon sees the plant suffering, the once green petioles begin to redden, the traps begins to slowly blacken. Panic sets in, the plant is dying (not), the Newbie is frantic. The plant either comes indoors, or into shade or something worse
  16. The Acclimatize Theory is basically false. You cannot acclimatize VFT to strong sun. Formed leaves and traps that were not grown early on in the sun will burn when exposed to the sun. But the new growth will be fine. The problem is the burned leaves take a toll on the plant as it tries to survive. The burned leaves are not dead but are obviously losing much water and resources from the sun damaged tissue, at the expense of the rest of the plant. If the burn is bad, it is best to cut off the still live but scarred tissue, so the rhizome can give all its resources to the new growth. What do
  17. Mick, I cannot tell from the photo if there is a red influence. As you know Red VFT, will show typical color in poor light. Not the problem in this situation, but VFT coloration on a single plant is variable due to multiple known and unknown factors. Regarding your VFT, over time as it grows larger, if it has red influence it will become apparent. My VFT are grown outside together. I did not cross pollinate any of my Reds with Typical last year, or this year either. But I do see 3 different species of insect pollinators in my yard that definitely visit my VFT flowers on a daily basis. And I
  18. The traps do not typically close in the rain. The natural range of Dionaea receives upwards of 45 inches of rain per year. Often by torrential violent thunder storms, also they are the central target of the most hurricane land falls on the planet. Dionaea is not only, very rain tolerant, it is absolutely rain dependant for its survival. The most common site for Dionaea is at pocosin streamheads which are the headwaters of the land they grow in and are completely dependent on the overhead rainfall. They do not rely on snowpack melt like Darlingtonia, or often long distance water seepage like m
  19. If all reasonable alternatives fail. Then 3 weeks wrapped airtight, a plastic bag of sufficient size will work, and right into the refrigerator. This will work fine. No acclimatization is needed at all going in or out for 3 weeks time. The older traps will probably take a beating, but they are on their way out anyway. Good luck on your travels, Brad Ventura California Only risk is if you have a bad refrigerator, a solid freeze could kill a weak VFT.
  20. Black Spot disease is what you got. Or similar foe. See thread Good luck, Brad Ventura California
  21. Vash, Your VFT lesions look somewhat similar, but not quite what I believe is Black Spot. Yours do look like some type of infection. But Black Spot is charcoal black, yours appears to be dark brown. Also Black Spot, if I remember correctly, has central retraction of the lesion, yours seem to be smooth shallow ulcers. Also I believe Black Spot involves the full thickness of the leaf, I cannot tell if yours are full thickness in the photos. When Black Spot gets going it attacks the younger leaves. As these infected traps develop you will see the black spots on the mature traps, but it does not
  22. Black rot vs Black spot My above post is regarding Black Spot, which I believe is a fungal disease. Black Rot is due to any number of conditions which affect the VFT roots, from heat to toxins, including lack of root zone oxygen, and even transplant shock. Black rot or Black spot seems like it’s a good time to repot. Brad Ventura California
  23. Black spot is fungal. It has motile spores supposedly. It thrives in humid and moist conditions. It spreads circumferentially within the leaf. It can cause triangular shaped spots too, which appear to have a vascular distribution. It can kill the plant when it gets right down to the actual growing point and allowed to fester. A poor form of treatment (which I use) is to clip off all the infected appearing tissue, then wash very thoroughly in tap water, repot into new pot and new substrate mix, and semi quarantine from rest of collection. The only way to know if this was successful is that fi
  24. brad


    The folded trap is due to intermediate plant wilting (less than complete wilt). It is the inability of the roots to provide enough (sap) water to keep the trap rigid (healthy). The other plant appears to show fungal colonization of dead growth of a cutting that is struggling to survive. This is most likely due to poor air circulation. Remove that cutting from the rest of the VFT community. Wash it off real good in Tap water, cut off the dead parts and repot it far away from your other plants. Good luck, Brad Ventura California
  25. The cheapest fixtures, cheapest bulbs, cheapest operating costs, very low heat output, ideal light output for VFTs is: Fixture: 48 inch (4 foot) two bulb florescent light fixtures (sometimes called shop light). Two of these fixtures would be ideal. - Good is 40 watt fixtures for T12 bulbs. - Better is a fixture for T8 bulbs, this is what I recommend. (Less energy useage than T12 and more light output than T12). T8 is great. - Best is a T5 fixture, but this may be hard to find and the bulbs will probably be expensive. Bulbs: Cool White bulbs are ideal for growing VFT, and the cheapest.