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jcz last won the day on May 26 2021

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  1. The water you put on your pots is not the same as the water it comes out after passing through the substrate, which is the one the roots are in contact with. Even if you continuously add only 50 ppm water with something in principle harmless, it may reach harmful concentrations after time. But a little bit of the most usual salts in water (carbonates, sulphates) does not have a detrimental effect, as they are retained, complexed, metabolized, etc. with time, or they are not enough to harm before repotting. If that amount is exceeded, the problems start sooner or later depending of the specific substances and the concentration they reach, as we all know. You, however, do not continuously add a solution of 200 ppm tanic acid, just to put an example (it is obviously an unrealistic extreme to be illustrative), so the ppm in the substrate after it first contact with distilled water and the ppm of the water you use to regularly water the plants are not comparable.
  2. You may have a relatively high concentration of some organic acids (tanic, etc.), and surely other substances that dissociate in water (so they add to the conductivity), and the plants be perfectly happy. I would worry with high ppm values though, let's say, e.g., well above 200.
  3. It is interesting that I see so frequently people having problems by keeping Cephalotus too wet. I have mine in the same pots as Sarracenia (literally, I do not have any independent pots for Cephalotus), outside year round (ca. -5ºC in winter, ca. 40ºC in summer), in full sun 5-7 h/day, and growing in permanently wet Sphagnum. They don't seem to mind, and they are definitely not close to die after being in these conditions for over five years. Not that I recommend this setting, the plants stay relatively small, the pitchers are clearly smaller than those I had when I was using a terrarium, but I think it is also normal due to the light intensity. But I just wonder how adaptable they are.
  4. Pinguicula season is advancing in southern Spain. Here, a large flowering clump of P. vallisneriifolia. One of my favourite species, fortunately still with several healthy populations with hundreds to thousands of plants. This species typically grows on calcareous cliffs that are very wet year round, often with some running water. Cold in winter, with frequent frosts (but not or rarely freezing solid), and hot in summer, although the places where the plants sit remain relatively fresh. It is one of the largest species, large adult plants may have leaves over 25 cm long! I hope you like it.
  5. Yes. Indeed, I can even send you this very same plant (just not in flower anymore). Let's talk by PM.
  6. jcz

    Utricularia subulata

    More favourable conditions (strong light, grown alone or at least with enough space, etc.) induce chasmogamous vs. cleistogamous flowers. Interestingly, I get chasmogamous flowers preferably in winter (indoor setup), and cleistogamous ones year round.
  7. Something people from the East coast of North America probably see frequently, but for me it is very exciting to induce Utricularia inflata flowering at home, after a few years growing it (container with clean water obviously just for the photo). It is a very elegant plant, the peduncle ca. 15-20 cm long, and can get much longer. And the flowers are nicely scented.
  8. Maybe you put too much emphasis on the algal/moss development to decide whether a substrate is of good quality or not. I think the key question would be: what is special in your new peat that does not allow algae/mosses to grow? I have got moss growth even in sterilized peat given enough time (so spores can reach the place) and favourable conditions for its development. If I get a peat that is not colonized by mosses at all (in places where moss is favored to grow), I would be suspicious...
  9. The definition of a cultivar is "an assemblage of plants that (a) has been selected for a particular character or combination of characters, (b) is distinct, uniform, and stable in these characters, and (c) when propagated by appropriate means, retains those characters". Also, in considering whether two or more plants belong to the same or different cultivars, their origins are irrelevant. For example, if a group of plants (not only one) is registered as a cultivar because of a certain set of traits, descendants by sexual reproduction also retaining those traits may form part of the cultivar.
  10. Hi! Do you mean U. biloba? I grew it for a while, and even got it flower, but I lost it during one vacation period. I do have U. subulata. It is difficult to kill, hehe.
  11. Thank you very much for your answers, ada! Yes, it is very frustrating sometimes. Nigel, your webpage looks particularly nice and by no means I was referring to you with my message (I have not ordered yet plants from you, so obviously I cannot provide any opinion). But there was no confusion, I was talking about professional sellers, not just people who had a few extra plants and sell them from time to time. I may order something next season if I can get some more space, hehe, for instance to broaden my Sarracenia purpurea collection. By the way, the S. purpurea subsp. venosa you offer in the webpage, is it S. purpurea var. venosa, S. purpurea var. montana or S. purpurea var. burkii (= S. rosea)? Thanks!
  12. Hi! I am trying to broaden my Utricularia collection and I have found that missidentifications are not that unusual, so I wanted to ask, in general, what do you think that can be done when a seller is offering a plant which is missidentified. I am talking mainly about professional sellers and "normal" orders (something offered with a price and you order it), not amateurs or exchanges. I guess that, if a professional is selling a product, they should have some responsibility about its identity, don't you think so? The problem is that, in some cases, to properly identify a plant it is sometimes necessary to grow it during a quite long period until it is adult or until it flowers, so it may be weird to ask for any responsibility after several months or even years. On the other hand, according to your experience, are normally sellers wanting to correct misslabeled products? I have only informed sellers a couple of times about missidentifications, and they only said something like: "this is what I want under that name", showing no or little interest about it. Thank you very much in advance for sharing your experience on this topic!
  13. jcz


    So you are clearly using Sphagnum as potting media! This last one is linked with Sphagnum. It looks like the very common Galerina paludosa, although there are some species (and even different genera) of Fungi growing on Sphagnum and developing fruitbodies with a close appearance.
  14. jcz


    Nice specimens. It is for sure a Leucocoprinus. I do not see the colour of the scales very accurately, and Leucocoprinus species are often difficult to distinguish, but if the scales are definitely lilac-purplish it may be L. ianthinus/L. lilacinogranulosus (depending if you consider them as different species or not).